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Propolis is a wax-like resinous substance collected by bees from flower buds and used as a cement to seal cracks or open spaces in the hive smaller than the size of a bee, approximately 6.3 mm.

Derived from the Greek words 'pro' and 'polis' meaning before the city, propolis is used by music instrument makers to better show the wood grain. A component of Italian varnish, reportedly used by Stradivari for violins, propolis is a natural remedy that has been employed extensively since ancient times. Egyptians knew the anti-putrefactive properties of propolis could be used for mummification. The Greek and Roman physicians, Aristotle, Dioscorides, Pliny and Galen, recognized propolis for its medicinal properties. The drug was also used as an antiseptic, a mouth disinfectant and was cicatrizant in wound treatment and were perpetuated in the Middle Ages among Arab physicians. London pharmacopoeias of the 17th century listed propolis as an official drug. Between the 17th and 20th century, the drug became very popular in Europe because of its anti-bacterial activity.

  • In dermatology and cosmetology, propolis ensures the brightness and healthy shine of the skin by eliminating fungi such as Candida and Microsporum.

  • Activates the immune system to produce a larger number of macrophages, necessary for the extermination of fungi and bacteria.

  • Accelerates the healing of destroyed tissues, mainly thanks to its essential oils.

  • Provides an anti-inflammatory effect on the skin and it's tissues.

  • Propolis has a strong antioxidant action as it contains more than 30 flavonoids.

  • Contains antiseptic and antibacterial properties.

  • Improves blood circulation in capillary vessels.

  • Used as an anti-dandruff for the hair.

  • Used in daily tooth and gum care for its antibacterial and wound healing properties.

  • General medicinal uses of propolis include treatment of the cardiovascular and blood systems, respiratory infections, dental care, dermatology (tissue regeneration, ulcers, eczema, wound healing), immune system support and improvement, digestive tract ulcers and infections.

Disclaimer: Information on this particular article is intended for information purposes only. It is not the intention of the editor to advise on health care. Please see a medical professional about any health concerns you have.